Football is the most famous gamein the world. Interest massive. Millions of people watch matches of favorite teams. Demand growing planned.
Of course for this discipline can make a bet in a bookmaker's office. Quickly tell development of football.
Development of game
Football originated several centuries BC. Disciplines with a ball were popular among citizens of different states. They were applied in:
• Ancient China;
• Ancient Greece;
• on the Apennines.
Italians improved discipline. In the 16th century they created the game "Calcio". With the development of trade relations, it came to England. Interest in discipline formed instantly. By Level of Interest "Calcio" surpassed cricket.
Interest among viewers appeared naturally. Discipline impressed with its dynamics. Battles on the field were significant. This permitted norms of football:
1. 2 squads.
2. 25 athletes each.
3. 15 forwards.
4. Permission to fistfights.
English created own norms. At first discipline didn't unify. In some places allowed to throw ball with hands, in others it was forbidden.
The Starting attempt to unification occurred in 1846. Cases wanted immediate response. players from different colleges entered the field on the field as part of the tournament. Each player worked in accordance with known to himrules. Outcome did not inspire optimism. However, athletes were create a common set of rules.
Starting unification became positive. Attention public increased. According to the results in England formed the first special club. Roster renamed "Sheffield". It happened in 1857.
In 1863 formed The Football Association of England. It immediately adopted a single set of rules games.
Over time discipline developed. Created requirements for the field. Standardized dimensions of the gate.
Significant time is 1871. Then appeared the FA Cup. Tournament - oldest in the class.
1891 - time appearances in discipline kick from 11 meters. However, from modern specified strike different. Now shoot penalties from point. Earlier penetration was done from the line.
Game evolved. Interest grew. As a result in the 1880s, the number of clubs passed over a hundred. In society began to arise rumors. Some players felt that certain teams give players salary. At that time disciplines could be exclusively amateur. As a result norms changed. They introduced a clause prohibiting athletes have a salary.
Started wave denunciations. Teams wrote accusations against each other. Some clubs left the league. Later norm postponed.
Growth of trade accelerated penetration of discipline to other countries. Following the results sport started regulated at the international level. FIFA originated in beginning of the last century. At first organization consisted of 7 countries.
Standard requirements on equipment did not exist. Football Players required to wear:
• long stockings;
Standard established later. For the first time athletes played without license plates. They arose only in 1939.
First international championship held at the beginning of the last century. Discipline added to the Olympiad. Participated total 3 teams.
Football flourished in the 1950. In the world started playing high class stars.