From GeocraftWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Football is the most famous disciplinein the world. Demand massive. Millions of fans follow matches of favorite teams. Demand growing planned.

Of course for this discipline can make a bet in a bookmaker's office. Shortly tell development of football.

Development of game

Football appeared several centuries BC. Disciplines with a ball in demand among inhabitants of different states. They were used in:
• Asian countries;
• Sparta;
• Ancient Rome.
Italians improved sport. During the Middle Ages they introduced to the world the game "Calcio". With the growth trade relations, it came to England. Interest in discipline formed instantly. By Level of Interest "Calcio" beaten cricket.

Severe discipline

Interest among viewers appeared not by chance. Discipline captivated with its dynamics. Battles on the field occurred serious. Such a scenario allowed norms of football:
1. 2 teams.
2. 25 people each.
3. 15 forwards.
4. Permission to fight.
Inhabitants of Foggy Albion made their rules. At first discipline didn't unify. In some places allowed to throw ball with hands, in others forbidden.
The Starting attempt to standardization was made in 1846. Conditions demanded momentary response. players from several colleges entered the field on the field during the competition. Each player acted in accordance with known to himnorms. Outcome did not inspire optimism. However, players were fix a common regulations.
First unification turned out positive. Attention public increased. According to the results in Great Britain there was the first special club. Roster renamed "Sheffield". It happened in 1857.
In 1863 appeared The Football Association of England. It immediately created a single code of norms of football.

Modern outline

Gradually the game improved. Created requirements for the stadium. Approved dimensions of the gate.
Significant time became 1871. Then appeared the FA Cup. Tournament - oldest in the world.
1891 - year appearances in discipline kick from 11 meters. However, from modern specified standard is. Now take penalties from point. Earlier penetration was done from the line.
Discipline improved. Interest grew. According to the results in the 1880s, the number of teams passed over a hundred. In society began appear speculations. Some athletes felt that a number of rosters give players incentives. In those days disciplines could be exclusively amateur. As a result rules changed. They introduced a clause prohibiting players have a salary.
Started sequence slander. Teams wrote accusations against each other. Some clubs left the league. Later norm postponed.

International development

Development of trade relations accelerated penetration of discipline to other countries. As a result sport became regulated at the supranational level. FIFA originated in 1904. At first organization consisted of 7 countries.
Unified norms on equipment did not exist. Football Players required to wear:
• hat or top hat;
• boots;
• long stockings;
• pants.

Normal established later. For the first time athletes played without numbers. Notation appeared only in 1939.
Starting international tournament held at the beginning of the last century. Football included to the Olympiad. Participated only England, France, Belgium.
The heyday of the sport occurred in the 1950. In the world started playing Pele, Yashin and other players.